## Heat Transfer and Simulated Coronary Circulation System Optimization Algorithms for Real Power Loss Reduction

**Author(s): **Kanagasabai L.

**Affiliation(s): **Department of EEE, Prasad V. Potluri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Kanuru, Vijayawada, 520007 Andhra Pradesh, India.

** ^{*}Corresponding Author’s Address: **gklenin@gmail.com

**Issue:** Volume 8, Issue 1 (2021)

**Dates:**Received: January 27, 2021

The final version received: April 19, 2021

Accepted for publication: April 25, 2021

**Citation:**

*Kanagasabai L. (2021). Heat transfer and simulated coronary circulation system optimization algorithms for real power loss reduction. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 8(1), pp. E1–E8, doi: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(1).e1***DOI:** 10.21272/jes.2021.8(1).e1

**Research Area: ** MECHANICAL ENGINEERING: Computational Mechanics

**Abstract.** In this paper, the heat transfer optimization (HTO) algorithm and simulated coronary circulation system (SCCS) optimization algorithm has been designed for Real power loss reduction. In the projected HTO algorithm, every agent is measured as a cooling entity and surrounded by another agent, like where heat transfer will occur. Newton’s law of cooling temperature will be updated in the proposed HTO algorithm. Each value of the object is computed through the objective function. Then the objects are arranged in increasing order concerning the objective function value. This projected algorithm time “t” is linked with iteration number, and the value of “t” for every agent is computed. Then SCCS optimization algorithm is projected to solve the optimal reactive power dispatch problem. Actions of human heart veins or coronary artery development have been imitated to design the algorithm. In the projected algorithm candidate solution is made by considering the capillaries. Then the coronary development factor (CDF) will appraise the solution, and population space has been initiated arbitrarily. Then in the whole population, the most excellent solution will be taken as stem, and it will be the minimum value of the Coronary development factor. Then the stem crown production is called the divergence phase, and the other capillaries’ growth is known as the clip phase. Based on the arteries leader’s coronary development factor (CDF), the most excellent capillary leader’s (BCL) growth will be there. With and without L-index (voltage stability), HTO and SCCS algorithm’s validity are verified in IEEE 30 bus system. Power loss minimized, voltage deviation also reduced, and voltage stability index augmented.

**Keywords:** optimal reactive power, transmission loss, heat transfer, simulated coronary circulation system.

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